2015年考研英语,2015研究生考试英语

来源:http://www.rphnxx.com 作者:学校概况 人气:198 发布时间:2019-05-02
摘要:46) This movement,driven by powerful and diversemotivations, builta nation out of a wilderness and, by its nature, shaped thecharacter anddestiny of an uncharted continent。 20一伍年硕士考试如期举办,文都教育第权且间收

  46) This movement,driven by powerful and diversemotivations, built a nation out of a wilderness and, by its nature, shaped thecharacter and destiny of an uncharted continent。

  20一伍年硕士考试如期举办,文都教育第权且间收罗整理了当年报考博士[微博]加泰罗尼亚语(一)中的翻译真题及译文,并做了器重分析,以供参考:

  The Colonial Period

  <解析> 本句and前后连接多少个并列的分句,主干部分为This movement built anation and shaped the character and destiny. “this” 指前文的“a tide of emigration”移民[微博]潮,“driven by.。。”分词短语作前置定语修饰movement,同时起到主谓分隔的作用,”of a wilderness““of an uncharted continent“前置定语修语分别修饰a nation和the character and destiny 。

  【翻译难点】

  "Heaven and earth never agreed better to frame a place for man's habitation."

  <参考译文> 在各样强大观念的无理取闹下,移民潮创设了一个国度同时依据其本质塑造了三个无人问津大六的天性和命局。

  46) This movement,driven by powerful and diverse motivations, built a nation out of a wilderness and, by its nature, shaped the character and destiny of an uncharted continent。

  John Smith, founder of the colony of Virginia, 1607

  47) The United States isthe product of two principal forces—the immigration of European people withtheir varied ideas, customs, and national characteristics and the impact of anew country which modified these traits。

  47)The United States is the product of two principal forces—the immigration of European people with their varied ideas, customs, and national characteristics and the impact of a new country which modified these traits。

  The Mayflower

  <解析> 本句的主题是The United States is the product。

  48)But the force of geographic conditions peculiar to America, the interplay of the varied national groups upon one another, and the sheer difficulty of maintaining old-world ways in a raw, new continent caused significant changes。

  Within the span of a hundred years, in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, a tide of emigration -one of the great folk wanderings of history-swept from Europe to America. 46 This movement, impelled by powerful and diverse motivations, built a nation out of a wilderness and, by its nature, shaped the character and destiny of an uncharted continent。

  破折号后对是two principal forces的解释表明。本题的难点在于破折号后五个and所并列的始末。

  49)The first shiploads of immigrants bound for the territory which is now the United States crossed the Atlantic more than a hundred years after the 15th- and -16th-century explorations of North American。

  47 Today, the United States is the product of two principal forces-the immigration of European peoples with their varied ideas, customs, and national characteristics and the impact of a new country which modified these distinctly European cultural traits. Of necessity, colonial America was a projection of Europe. Across the Atlantic came successive groups of Englishmen, Frenchmen, Germans, Scots, Irishmen, Dutchmen, Swedes, and many others who attempted to transplant their habits and traditions to the new world. 48 But, inevitably, the force of geographic conditions peculiar to America, the interplay of the varied national groups upon one another, and the sheer difficulty of maintaining old-world ways in a raw, new continent caused significant changes. These changes were gradual and at first scarcely visible. But the result was a new social pattern which, although it resembled European society in many ways, had a character that was distinctly American。

  <参考译文> 美利坚合众国是三种重要力量之下的产物——即具备差异意见,风俗和江山性子的亚洲移民和震慑修订这几个特征的新江山。

  50)The virgin forest with its richness and variety of trees was a real treasure-house which extended from Maine all the way down to Georgia。

  49 The first shiploads of immigrants bound for the territory which is now the United States crossed the Atlantic more than a hundred years after the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century explorations of North America. In the meantime, thriving Spanish colonies had been established in Mexico, the West Indies, and South America. These travelers to North America came in small, unmercifully overcrowded craft. During their six- to twelve-week voyage, they subsisted on meager rations. Many of the ships were lost in storms, many passengers died of disease, and infants rarely survived the journey. Sometimes tempests blew the vessels far off their course, and often calm brought interminable delay。

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